Anaïs Chalendard started to train with Carole Bentolila in Roanne as a student of Max Bozzoni, étoile and teacher at the Paris Opera school. Anaïs moved to Marseille and continued her training under the instruction of Dominique Khalfouni at l’École Nationale de Danse de Marseille Roland Petit.
After graduating with her Baccalaureate in economics and political science, she received her first professional contract at the age of 17 with the Deutsch Oper am Rhein under the direction of Youri Vamos. After a season, she was asked to join Staatsoper Unter den Linden in Berlin, under the direction of Vladimir Malakov. After several years, Chalendard moved to Karlsruhe to join the Badische Staatstheater, under the direction of Birgit Keil, where she became a principal dancer. There, amongst other leading roles, Chalendard premiered Terence Kohler's Anna Karenina as well as Gamzatti in his version of La Bayadère. She also enjoyed dancing in the creation of Ray Barra's Carmen as Carmen and many other choreographic workshops by Renato Zanella, David Bombana, and Terence Kohler. At the end of her last season, she received the opportunity to dance Juliet in Sir Kenneth MacMilan’s Romeo and Juliet.
Chalendard finally joined the English National Ballet in 2008 under the direction of Wayne Eagling, where she was promoted to first soloist following performances in Manon and The Dying Swan. She has also appeared in guest performances organized by Carlos Acosta and choreographed by Adam Hougland, dancing a pas de deux (Young Apollo) especially created for her and Junor de Oliveira Souza. In 2009, she received the "Emerging Dancer Award" after dancing Nikiya's Death from La Bayadère.
In 2012, Chalendard appeared at the Nureyev Festival in Russia as Giselle with principal dancer, Jozef Varga from Het National Ballet, and as Odette/Odile in Derek Dean's Swan Lake with English National Ballet.
Chalendard has been listed as one of the “100 Best Dancers in the World” by Dance Europe Magazine. In June 2013, she was invited to dance Erik Brühn's La Sylphide with Friedemann Vogel, principal with the Stuttgart Ballet, and Rolando Sarabia, international guest artist, at the Teatro dell Opera di Roma.
Chalendard joined Boston Ballet in 2013 as a Second Soloist, was promoted to Soloist in 2014 and Principal in 2016. She has performed as Gamzatti in Florence Clerc’s La Bayadère, as well as in several works created by Jorma Elo and Yury Yanowsky. She has also danced the role of 2nd Aria in Balanchine’s Violin Concerto, in the lead role of La Gaité Parisienne as the Glove Seller, the Sugar Plum Fairy and the Snow Queen in The Nutcracker, Odette/Odile in Mikko Nissinen’s Swan Lake, Marguerite in Val Caniparoli’s The Lady of the Camélias, and Juliet in John Cranko’s Romeo and Juliet.
Chalendard has been invited to dance at the World Ballet Competition Star’s Gala in Orlando. In addition, she has served as a jury member at the World Ballet Competition and has taught summer intensives with Dance Theater International, Allen Conservatory, and Boston Ballet School. In the coming year, she will be a guest artist at the Mozart Woche in Salzburg, Austria.